Welcome

About Us

Sacraments/Liturgy

Faith Formation

Get Involved

How Do I?

News & Announcements

Session 3

 

Image result for tree 4 seasons gif


WHAT IS MY CHILD LEARNING THIS MONTH?

The Paschal Mystery: the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus and the impact it has on our lives.


 

BRINGING THIS SESSION HOME


The most recognizable symbol of the Christian faith is the cross. This month, we ask that you help your child to understand what the cross was used for during the time of the Roman Empire and why it has become such a significant symbol of our faith. Parents are also asked to help your child identify the various types of crosses used within the Christian faith.   

IS THERE A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A CROSS AND A CRUCIFIX?
Yes, there is a difference!

CROSS:
Cross
A cross is the upright bar with a traverse bar running across it. When the body of Jesus is NOT visible, this symbol is known as a cross.

     CRUCIFIX:
crosscrucifix
Across becomes a crucifix when the body of Jesus can be seen and is attached to the cross.

Throughout history, various Christian groups have used crosses of different styles to express their faith in Jesus. Below, are some of the most common crosses you may encounter. It is good for you to be able to identify them and understand their history or origin.

TRADITIONAL CRUCIFIX: 
A traditional crucifix can come in many different shapes and sizes. Some are made of wood, others metal. A traditional crucifix refers to any cross with the body of Jesus on it after he has died. His head is usually looking down to His right side. A traditional crucifix will usually have the inscription above Jesus' head reading "INRI", the inscription Pontius Pilate ordered to be placed there. "INRI" stood for "Jesus King of the Jews". 

crucifixtraditional

CELTIC CROSS
The origin of the Celtic Cross seems to center around St. Patrick of Ireland. Patrick was working converting the Irish Pagans to the Christian faith. Many of these pagans worshiped the sun in the sky as a god.  St. Patrick placed a cross in front of a circle to represent Christ's supremacy over the sun god they currently worshiped. This cross brought many of the Celtic Clans of Ireland and Scotland to Christianity and is now known as the Celtic Cross.

celticcross

SAN DAMIANO CROSS:
The Cross of San Damiano is known as the crucifix that spoke to St. Francis of Assisi in 1205CE in Assisi, Italy. St. Francis stopped by this church, which is located outside the walls of Assisi, to pray. The church had basically been abandoned and was falling down. Francis knelt before this crucifix and began to pray. Suddenly, Francis felt the gaze of the Christ figure on him and then heard a voice call his name, "Francis, go and repair my house, which you see, is falling into ruin." Francis took this literally are repaired the small church. Later, he would realized is the the spiritual church God was asking him to rebuild. This crucifix is also known as the Franciscan Cross since Francis was the founder of the Franciscan Order.

sandamianocross

 

THE JERUSALEM CROSS:
The Jerusalem Cross, also known as the Crusader's Cross or the "Five Fold" Cross, is a Christian symbol consisting of one large cross potent (cross with crossbars at the ends) and four smaller Greek Crosses. It was first used by Godfrey of Bouillon during the First Crusade. the symbolism of the five crosses is to represent the five wounds of Jesus while on the cross - two hands, two feet and His side where the sword pierced him.

jerusalemcross

 

ORTHODOX CROSS: 

Also known as the Byzantine Cross,  Russian Orthodox Cross or the Eastern Orthodox Cross, this version is used by many of the Christian Churches of Eastern Europe. The cross has three horizontal cross beams. The top one represents the sign placed over Jesus' head inscribed with INRI. The bottom cross beam represents the footrest. In the Russian Orthodox version (as pictured here) the foot bar is slanted. On many Greek and Byzantine crosses it remains straight.

crossorthodox

 

CROSS OF ST. BRIGID:
Having it's roots in Ireland, this cross is usually made from rushes or sometimes plain straw. It consists of a woven square in the center with four arms or redials tied off at the ends. This cross is attributed to St. Brigid of Kildare, one of the Patron Saints of Ireland (St. Patrick being the other). Since historically Ireland has always been a poor country, using rushes to make a cross became popular with St. Brigid taking the lead. On February 1st - St. Brigid's Feast Day, Irish families will make the Cross of St. Brigid and replace the one currently hanging in their kitchens. Why their kitchen? Tradition holds where ever the cross is hung will be protected from fire! What better place than the kitchen!

crossstbridget

 

CROSS OF ST. GEORGE:
Also known as St. George's Cross, this red cross on a white background has been associated with St. George of England since the Crusades. St. George was known as a "Warrior Saint" who participated in the Third Crusade. Although it is known as the Cross of St. George, the cross he used was actually a white cross on a red background. it seems his association with this cross happened when Aragon (now part of Spain) adopted the red cross and white background as their country's flag and St. George as their Patron Saint. Great Britain who also has St. George as their Patron Saint also included the Cross of St. George in their flag, the Union Jack.

crossstgeorge

 

CHI-RHO:
The Chi-Rho is one of the earliest forms of a Christogram. A Christogram means basically a "monogram for Christ".. It is when you take a combination of letters that forms an abbreviation for the name "Jesus Christ".

The Chi-Rho is formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters "chi" and "rho" of the Greek word XPIETOE, which means "Christ".

Although not technically a cross or crucifix, the Chi-Rho make one think of the crucifixion of Jesus when it is seen.

chirho

TAU CROSS:
The Tau Cross, named after the Greek letter it resembles is also known as St. Anthony's Cross, St. Francis' Cross and the Egyptian Cross.

The shape of the letter Tau or "T" was interpreted as representing a crucifix. St. Anthony of Egypt was one of the first to use it as a Christian symbol by wearing it on his cloak. Later, St. Francis of Assisi used it on his personal coat of arms. Today, the Franciscan Friars use it as a symbol of the Franciscan Order.

taucross

 

COPTIC CROSS:
Also known as the Ethiopian Cross, the Coptic Cross is used mainly by Coptic Christians. the Copts were the first group of people to become Christians in Egypt and are still the largest group of Christians in Egypt today.Coptic Crosses incorporate a circle in the center of the cross which represents the eternal and everlasting love of God.The Coptic Cross is considered a sign of faith and pride to the Copts of Egypt and those that have moved to Ethiopia. Many of them will have it tattooed on the inside of their right arm.

copticcross

 

RESURRECTION CROSS:
The resurrection Cross or Crucifix is probably one of the most recent images to represent Christ and the crucifixtion. The Resurrection Cross has been used for several hundreds of years and usually only during the Easter Season. It is a plain wooden cross with a piece of white cloth draped over the cross piece. The Resurrection Crucifix (shown here) has the risen figure of Jesus, with his arms raised in triumph, standing in front of the cross. Many Catholic Churches that were built in the 1970's and 1980's will have a Resurrection Crucifix hanging over the altar instead of a traditional crucifix.

resurrectioncross

 


ONE STEP AHEAD: 

PARENT SESSION RESOURCES

WHAT IS THE PASCHAL MYSTERY?

When we see these words “Paschal Mystery” often we may think we need a PhD in theology in order to understand its full meaning. But it really is very simple.

Let’s take a look at the term without using any religious terms. Basically, the “paschal mystery” is the process of dying and rising. When we look at it in these terms, all of use will experience our own “paschal mystery”.

Therefore when we capitalize these words “Paschal Mystery” they refer to the death experience and rising the Jesus went through. It would include all the events surrounding the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus.

WHAT EVENTS ARE CONTAINED IN THE PASCHAL MYSTERY OF JESUS?


calvary

The Paschal Mystery includes the events of the Passion, Crucifixion, Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus.

It begins with Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday and concludes with His ascension into Heaven on Ascension Thursday, spanning roughly a 47 day period depending on the calendar year.

Main Events Jesus’ Paschal Mystery:

  • Triumphal entrance into Jerusalem
  • The Last Supper
  • Praying in the Garden of Gethsemane (a.k.a. Agony in the Garden)
  • Betrayal by Judas
  • Arrest in the Garden
  • Trial before Pontius Pilate
  • Denial by Peter
  • Scourging of Jesus
  • Carrying of the Cross
  • The Crucifixion
  • The Death of Jesus
  • The Burial of Jesus
  • The Resurrection of Jesus
  • Mary Magdalene Finding the Empty Tomb & Speaking with Jesus
  • The Road to Emmaus
  • Appearance to the Apostles (Minus Thomas)
  • 2nd Appearance to the Apostles (with Thomas Present)
  • Commissioning Of Peter as Leader
  • Ascension to Heaven

RESOURCE LINKS:

Eucharist, the Paschal Mystery (article)
Paschal Mystery Events by Gospel (resource)


GOING OFF THE DEEP END

Taking Your Faith to a Deeper Level.

Loyola Press has a great article on their website entitled “The Paschal Mystery of Everyday Life”. It gives a great understanding of how the Paschal Mystery is actually part of each and every day of our lives. It is worth the read!

THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN EVERYDAY LIFE


How do I experience the the Paschal Mystery? How does it affect me on a day-to-day basis?


JUMPING AHEAD....

In a short time, the church season known as Lent will be upon us with the arrival of Ash Wednesday.

To help us understand what this season is all about, please watch the following video with your parent and discuss the reflection questions together.

ASH WEDNESDAY & LENT IN TWO MINUTES

Lent spiritualPrep

REFLECTION QUESTIONS:

  1. Ash Wednesday is a day for REPENTANCE, RENEWAL AND COMMUNITY. Discuss with your parent how BOTH of you will live this out on Ash Wednesday this year.
  2. Lent is a time period for Fasting, Giving and Prayer. Discuss with your parent what these three terms mean to each of you and how will you live them out this Lenten season.
  3. Lent is usually a time to give something up in order to bring us closer in relationship with God and those around us. Discuss with your parent what each of you will be giving up the Lent. Then help each other hold true to your commitment throughout the 40 days of Lent.
  4. Lent is also a time for giving. As a family decide on a Lenten project the ENTIRE FAMILY will participate in. Will your act of giving be food for a food pantry, giving time to visit the elderly in a nursing home or some other unique way of giving you can come up with. Once your family is in agreement, carry it out over the 40 days of Lent.
  5. Lent is also a time of prayer. Discuss with our parent how time for prayer will be added to your ENTIRE FAMILY'S schedule during Lent. Than make sure to carry it through. Be ready to discuss these ideas in your next class session.  

Lent is a time period for fasting, giving, and prayer


 

PHOTO OF THE MONTH


Take a moment to look at the picture below. Reflect on how this image puts what you have learned in this session into perspective.

silent prayer

TRANSLATE

covid19 updates

jcorg logo

GLOSSARY
Terms for this month Every Person Should Know
Paschal Mystery
Pontius Pilate
Judas Iscariot
Crucifixion
Scourging
Mary Magdalene
Emmaus
Thomas the Apostle
Ascension
Read More...


SCRIPTURE REFLECTION OF THE MONTH!
scripture
Read More...


MYTH BUSTERS 
BY FR. RON

fr ron
If God is God, why did He have to send His son to save us?
Read More...


SAINTS OF THE MONTH
stlucy
ST. LUCY

 francisxavier
ST. FRANCIS XAVIER
Read more...


ART OF THE MONTH
bookofkells

The Book of Kells
Read more...


DAY TRIP OF THE MONTH
stpatcathedralnyc
St. Patrick's Cathedral
New York City, NY


BOOK OF THE MONTH FOR PARENTS
peopleofnativity

Read More...


BOOK OF THE MONTH FOR STUDENTS
downrightgood
Read More...


MOVIE OF THE MONTH
thenativitystory movie

Read more...

 

olmc contacttitle

One Passaic St., Ridgewood, NJ 07450
Rectory / Parish Office

OFFICE HOURS
Mon.-Fri., 9 am to 4 pm

Phone: 201.444.2000 Ext. 200
Fax: 201.444.2002 Email
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

facebook logo    instagram logo